5 Ways of Attack – Immobilization Attack

The Immobilization Attack is an offensive action made possible due to the immobilization of one or more members of the adversary.

In martial arts, one speaks about immobilization when an action which makes it possible to control the movements of the adversary. It limits the opponent number of attacks and creates openings. The immobilization can be of short time (fraction of a second) or it can also be maintained (to prevent the adversary from getting clear). The unfavourable combatant who is immobilized can be more foreseeable and can also compromise his balance. He is thus more vulnerable.

The first stage for the execution of The Immobilization Attack is to find the good distance.

In “Striking Mode” and in “Clinch”, one must reduce the distance with an aim to immobilize an element of the adversary to attack it. Feints are very good tools to reduce the distance with a maximum of security. One can immobilize several parts (the hands, the legs, the head, the body…). In the phase of “Grappling”, the attack with immobilization is more frequent. The distance being already reached, the goal is to maintain the position with an aim of exerting a control which will limit the defense of the adversary.

The Immobilization Attack in Striking

  • The method of attack with the most popular immobilization in my opinion, in stand up stance, is the “Trapping” or “Hand Trap”. The goal of the “Trapping” is to wedge or remove a weapon of the adversary to prevent it from attacking and creating an opening or an opportunity. Vasyl Lomachenko is a boxer who frequently uses “Hand Trap”.

 

  • To catch the leg of the adversary is another popular way to carry out an attack with immobilization. One wants to catch the leg of the adversary when it launches a kick and to strike back with an offensive action while he is in balance on a foot.

 

  • In the Clinch position, there is a lot of techniques of immobilization attack. The best techniques of immobilization in clinch are those where one is able to control the two arms of our adversary, with only one arm.

 

The Immobilization Attack in Grappling

The Fighting on the Ground brings more possibilities for attack with immobilization. Contrary to the stand up game, one can make use much more of his body to control an element of the adversary. Especially used for the “Ground and Pound”, it is not impossible to use the attack with immobilization to carry out a submission or to improve your positioning. One can also use the “Trapping” when one is in “Full Mount”.

Khabib Nurmagomedov is the one which, in my opinion, became the Master in the art of the attack with immobilization. With its great force and its background in Sambo, he have a great control on its adversary.

5 Ways of Attack – Single Direct Attack

The Single Direct Attack is an offensive action carried out from point A to the point B, contrary to a combine attack (Attack by combination, Progressive indirect attack…). The Single Direct Attack can be done in a straight line or in angle by using the principle of economy of motion and simplicity.

Body Angle  VS Striking Angle

It is necessary to differentiate the angle of the body and the angle of the strikes.

  • The angle of the body is your positioning compared to the adversary.
  • The angle of the strikes is the trajectory of each blow.

Single Direct Attack in a straight forward motion

The Single Direct Attack is the easiest way to carry out an attack. The body is in a ready position (neutral angle) with a stable position. The angle of the body is neutral but the strikes can come from various angles (the jab and the cross in a straight line – the hooks on a curved line …). The blows are launched from the initial position without fancy footwork. To be effective, the timing and the distance will have to be perfect. The attack must “not be telegraphed” to add an element of surprise. The rhythm and the precision are elements to be controlled to perform the Single Direct Attack.

simple-attack-jab

Single Direct Attack in a straight forward motion – Jab

 

Single Direct Attack in a straight forward motion - Outside Low Kick

Single Direct Attack in a straight forward motion – Outside Low Kick

 

Single Direct Attack in an angle

Once the simple attack direct in a straight forward motion is learned, one can now change the angle of the body while attacking. The angle can be created in several ways:

  • While advancing – When you attack while advancing, you decrease the distance between you and the adversary.
  • While moving back – When you attack while moving back, you increase the distance between you and the adversary.
  • With a step on the side – While moving on side, it is probable to see openings in the guard of our adversary.
  • With a pivot – the pivot obliges our adversary to be readjusted. It enables us to attack in angle and to give us time to do it.
  • By modifying the level (height) – With a light forward tilt and by folding the knees, the punches are launched starting from a different height. By modifying the level, it can also help us to avoid a counter-attack of the adversary.
Single Direct Attack in Angle - Jab

Single Direct Attack in Angle – Jab

 

Single Direct Attack in angle - Outside Low Kick

Single Direct Attack in Angle – Outside Low Kick

Certain ways of creating the angle of attack can be combined. example: I can advance and modify my level at the same time…

Balance and positioning are the key behind the Single Direct Attack in angle. The distribution of the weight must be considered (the weight of the body in the center or on the side).

The ideal position is the one which offers you a better potential of attack compared to the potential of attack of the adversary. In other words, it is preferable to strike from a position where the adversary cannot strike you.

The Best Martial Art

Every fighter is unique

The fight is defined not only on the fighter’s technique. The beginners often have tendency to imitate their idols, their instructors and their partners. It is with time that every martial artist develops his own style. I think that it is important to explain that I want to tell by style first of all to tell difference between martial art and style.

Style: a particular manner or technique by which something is done, created, or performed – merriam-webster

It is easily possible to become confused with style (martial art) and style (way to practice it).

Strengths and weaknesses of different combat sports

I am conscious that there are several styles inside combat sports here are different combat sports (martial arts) with their strengths and their weaknesses.

Boxing:

  • Positive: Good Footwork, Good head motion, Good position of hands, Blows are very powerful.
  • Negative: Incomplete clinch, No defense against attacks on legs, No Grappling.

image-boxe

Muay Thai:

  • Positive: Powerful kicks, Good clinch (Thai), Good variation elbow and knee in close combat, Good sweeps.
  • Negative: Narrow position of the feet (who becomes more vulnerable to takedowns), Variation of kicks often limited (round-house, push-kick), No works on the ground.

image-muay-thai

Wrestling:

  • Positive: Very powerful, good control of the centre of gravity, Good takedowns, Good footwork.
  • Negative: Limited defense on the ground, No strikes, Stance is very low and very broad (prevents the speed of execution of the kicks – back leg), Absence of Ground and Pound.

image-lutte-olympique

BJJ:

  • Positive: Very great work on the ground (attack and defence), very good for a more defensive style, efficient techniques to put an end to the fight.
  • Negative: Traditional uniform (for those who make of “Gi”), No Strikes, Stance which does not defend against striking, Absence of Ground and Pound.

image-bjj

The styles which are adopted are the prisons of our expression

Although it is essential to learn the science of combat through a martial art (Boxing, Muay Thai, Struggle, BJJ), most of them have rules. With time, you need to be liberated from all rules to obtain a result near the reality of combat and so, to express your style entirely. A fighter with no style is an unpredictable fighter. It is not the technique which makes the fighter. There are martial arts that moves in straight line, others who move in a more circular way. They have their strengths and their weaknesses. Apply the qualities of each of them.

How do I develop my own style?

First of all, know yourself: temperament, capacity, potential. Which are your strenghts, your weaknesses. If you are small and quick, why not to study Manny Pacquiao’s boxing. If I am big and powerful, why not to look at the Fedor Emelianenko’s style. You will, with practice, develop your own style according to what you are. Always keep in mind principles such as science, simplicity, fun … to guide you.

A fight is a group of movements performed with the intention to beat an adversary. These movements are called techniques which consist in putting traps, in seeding confusion finally to put an end to battle. The fighter plans his actions by studying his opponent. He anticipates the movements of the adversary by provoking him to create one reaction. A complete fighter is the one who will be able to fit to all situations. Your style is defined by the way you move.

Simplicity in Martial Arts

In the world of martial arts, all fighters have their way to fight. More “the game” is complex, less the fighter can be expressed at full capacity. Put the ego aside, put our thoughts aside. Get overwhelmed by the present moment. If we think before the hit, it’s already too late. By being in the present moment, we can detach from our conscience and get rid of fear, anger, stress… ‘Méditation’ – ‘Flow State’

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HACK-THE-FLOW-STATE-BANNER

In every fighting sport, boxing, kickboxing, muay thai, wrestling, JIU-Jitsu, mma, etc., we aim effectiveness of the movement. In the movement of the opponent, you can see its weaknesses. We take advantage on the position of his feet, the position of his hands, or the rhythm of the opponent and attack at the time deemed appropriate. By remaining fluid, without stress, relaxed, we can respond more quickly to the actions of the person facing us. Our actions must reflect his mistakes. We have to take full responsibility and accept the consequences of our actions by trusting our instincts.

Effective action will be defined in its simplicity.
example:-weapon closest on the nearest target

Act and not react. Keep what is works and set aside what is not working. What does not work on someone can work on someone else. That’s why we need to be able to adapt to any opponent matter his fighting style.

silva-belfort-mma

The martial art is individual, all practitioners are different. Teaching is not fixed method, we need to adapt to the practitioner. For the teacher, know his student increases the chances of him showed what suits him, so he can speak as freely as possible. It’s like giving brushes, colors and technique to a painter that it creates its own painting. We teach the technique so that the practitioner is imbued with this technique so that there is no longer need to think before you perform the technique. The artist will be simple, spontaneous natural and authentic.

“In building a statue, a sculptor doesn’t keep adding clay to his subject. Actually, he keeps chiselling away at the inessentials until the truth of its creation is revealed without obstructions. Thus, contrary to other styles, being wise in Jeet Kune-Do doesn’t mean adding more; it means to minimize, in other words to hack away the unessential.”  –Bruce Lee

Ground and Pound 101

It’s very hard now to dominate opponents on the ground without throwing a single punch. You must now includes striking on the ground to make your MMA game complete. Ground and pound is a huge aspect of mix martials arts but there is no fighting style that teach how to execute proper ground striking.

Ground and pound is the ability to strike your opponent on ground in all positions: full guard, open guard, half guard, side control, mount, back mount, and turtle position.

While doing Ground and pound, you must:

  • Keep a good balance to have an advantage on the opponent and to keep him away from countering. Keep your stance wide, lower your center gravity and avoid the sweeps. Weight distribution must be in relation with a resisting opponent in constant movement.
  • Create Space to find openning and strike with power without to much effort. Posturing up can create space between you and your opponent. Creating space between you and your opponent allows your opponent to strike and to perform submissions. Stay alert.
  • Control your positions to get on top and throw a variety of strikes. There is many position to perform good ground and pound (full mount, half guard, the side mounted crucifix). Controlling your opponent arms or head can give you more opportunity to strike.

Positionning is the key to execute your ground and pound techniques. It create the space and the angle needed to strike effectively.

Here is a Ground and Pound drill that you can do alone with an heavy bag to improve your positionning. You can add as many strikes as you want 😉